Riled Up/Riled Up Archive/Article
Author: Hugh Bollinger/Sunday, March 12, 2017/Categories: natural history, wildlife conservation, photography, environment, plants
Red-capped Mallee, E. erythorocorys (credit: Australian Native Plant Society)
The Red-capped mallee, Eucalyptus erythrocorys, is the Plant of the Month. This beautiful gum-tree is an Australian endemic tree restricted to isolated sandy limestone ridges and outcrops north of the Western Australian state capital of Perth. While the small tree is restricted in its natural habitat range, it has been introduced into horticulture and is now available to grow in regions with its native temperate, dry-tropical environment.
The genus Eucalyptus consists of over 700 known species and with new ones are still being discovered. With only a couple of exceptions, all species are restricted to Australia. Evolution and natural selection has created Eucalyptus that grow to the height and dimensions of California redwoods to creeping shrubs covering rocks and hilltops. The trees are used for commercial timber, in furniture, as essential oils, and in landscaping. Australia's National Botanical Garden at Cranbourne has developed display plantings of drought-tolerant Eucalyptus to showcase how these fine native trees can be used to enhance the home landscape. The Red-capped mallee (multi-stemmed growth) is a beautiful example of the diversity seen in these ecologically important trees.
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